From Scramble - The Aviation Magazine
|Crew||2 in Martin-Baker Mk10B ejection seats|
|First Flight||21 August 1974|
|Maximum takeoff weight||kg||lb|
|Engines||one Rolls-Royce Adour turbofan engines|
|Thrust||27 kN (each)||6,000 lbf with A/B|
|Operational range||xxx km||xxx mi|
|Service ceiling||xxx m||xxx ft|
|Rate of climb||m/min||ft/min|
|Armament||Optional belly mounted RSAF RSAF ADEN 30 mm gun|
In 1964 the Royal Air Force specified a requirement (Air Staff Target (AST) 362) for a new fast jet trainer to replace the Folland Gnat. The SEPECAT Jaguar was originally intended for this role, but it was soon realised that it would be too complex an aircraft for fast jet training and only a small number of two-seat versions were purchased. Accordingly, in 1968, Hawker Siddeley Aviation (HSA) began studies for a simpler aircraft, initially as special project (SP) 117. The design team was led by Ralph Hooper. This project was funded by the company as a private venture, in anticipation of possible Royal Air Force interest. The design was conceived of as having tandem seating and a combat capability in addition to training, as it was felt the latter would improve export sales potential. Through 1969 the project was first renamed P.1182, then HS.1182. By the end of the year HSA had submitted a proposal to the Ministry of Defence based on the design concept, and in early 1970 the Royal Air Force issued Air Staff Target (AST) 397 which formalised the requirement for new trainers of this type. The Royal Air Force selected the HS.1182 for their requirement on 1 October 1971 and the principal contract, for 175 aircraft, was signed in March 1972.
Initial model for Royal Air Force, with Adour Mk151 turbofan rated at 23 kN. Equipped with two store stations. Out of the 150 a/c order, 88 were modified to Hawk T.1A with two u/w AIM-9 Sidewinder launchers.
In 2009, the Royal Air Force began receiving the first Hawk T2 aircraft, which will replace the T1 in the advanced trainer role.
The original export trainer version, and offered a limited attack capability. Equipped with Adour 851. Delivered as Hawk T51/T51A (Finland), Hawk T52 (Kenya) and Hawk T53 (Indonesia).
Two-seater, replacing the Hawk 50 for the export market. Intended for conversion and weapons training. MTOGW increased to 8,6 tonnes, as well as weapons carriage. Uprated Adour 861 engines, and is capable of a level speed at altitude of 555 knots (1028 km/h) or Mach 0.84. The T-45 was derived from this version. Delivered as Hawk T60/T60A (Zimbabwe), Hawk T61 (Dubai), Hawk T63/T63A/T63C (Abu Dhabi), Hawk T64 (Kuwait), Hawk T65/T65A (Saudi Arabia), Hawk T66 (Switzerland) and T67 (South Korea).
A two-seat advanced weapons trainer with additional avionics, including forward looking infrared (optional, fitted to Malaysian aircraft), a redesigned wing and HOTAS. Delivered as Mk102 (United Arab Emirates), Mk103 (Oman), Mk108 (Malaysia), Mk109 (Indonesia), Mk115 (Canadian NATO Flying Training), Mk127 (Australia) and Mk129 (Bahrain). The BAE Systems company demonstrator (ZJ100) is designated Mk102D.
The Hawk Lead-in Fighter Trainer (LIFT) is the version selected by the South African Air Force in December 1999. This variant is powered by the Adour 851. The LIFT benefits from development carried out for the Australian Mk127. The Mk128 (aka Hawk T2) is the new Advanced Jet Trainer (AJT) for the Royal Air Force and the Royal Navy. The Mk128 includes modern LCD displays instead of conventional instrumentation, and allows preparation for flying modern fighter aircraft, particularly the all "glass" Typhoon. It uses the Adour 951 engine. The Mk132 is the latest export variant of the Hawk and was previously known as the Mk115Y. The Mk132 formally entered service with the Indian Air Force on 23 February 2008 (144 planned). Selected in May 2012 by the Royal Saudi Air Force as next generation advanced jet trainer.
Single seat, lightweight multirole combat fighter with emphasis on air defence, air superiority, anti-shipping, air-denial, long-range interdiction, short-range close air support and ground attack. The aircraft is fitted with the AN/APG-66H and AIM-9 Sidewinder and AGM-65 Maverick missiles. Delivered as Mk203 (Royal Air Force of Oman, Mk205 (proposed export version for the Royal Saudi Air Force), Mk208 (export version for the Royal Malaysian Air Force) and Mk209 (Indonesian Air Force).
The T-45 Goshawk is a fully carrier-capable aircraft developed from the Hawk 60 for the United States Navy for use in aircraft carrier training. See T-45 main article.
- Royal Air Force
- Royal Navy
- Royal Australian Air Force
- Royal Canadian Air Force (as CT-155)
- Royal Air Force of Oman
- Royal Saudi Air Force
- Royal Malaysian Air Force
- Finish Air Force
- Indian Air Force
- Indonesian Air Force
- Kenyan Air Force
- Kuwait Air Force
- South Korean Air Force
- Swiss Air Force
- United Arab Emirates
- United States Navy (as T-45)