From Scramble - The Aviation Magazine
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|Number built||73 (as of 31 December 2011)|
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|Engines||two Aviadvigatel PS-90A turbofan engines|
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The Tupolev Tu-204 is a twin-engined medium-range jet airliner capable of carrying 210 passengers, designed by Tupolev. The Tu-204 features many technological innovations such as, fly-by-wire, a glass cockpit, supercritical wings with winglets, along with Russian or foreign avionics. First introduced in 1989, it is considered to be broadly equivalent to the Boeing 757. It was developed for Aeroflot as a replacement for the medium-range Tupolev Tu-154 trijet. In the spring of 2010, the Russian government decided that the Kazan plant would only build special missions models of the Tu-204 and Aviastar would focus on passenger models.
Airframes produced by Aviastar are designated Tu-204.
Certified in January, 1995, this initial version is powered by Soloviev (now Aviadvigatel) Aviadvigatel PS90 turbofan engines rated at 157 kN (35,300 lbf) of thrust, and uses Russian avionics in addition to its Russian engines. Also available as Tu-204-100C freighter. MTOW is 107.5 tonnes, and range with 196 passengers (two-class configuration) is 6,000 kilometres (3,700 mi). Submodels include -100E and -100V (in Cyrillic: -100B)
Variant certified with Rolls-Royce RB211-535E4 turbofan engines, and therfore compliant with all current European and ICAO noise requirements. The Tu-204-120CE is an export model for the Chinese market. Altough ordered by a Chinese cargo airline, the airframe ended up with the Chinese Flight Test Establishment and is reportedly being converted to the air refueling role.
The Tu-204-200 is a heavier version with extra fuel for more range. Only one was built by Aviastar. Also offered as Tu-204-200C freighter. The -200, as well as the -100, are now offered with improved PS90A2 engines, developed with assistance from Pratt & Whitney, offering 40% better MTBO.
Long-range derative of the Tu-204, also known as Tu-234. About six meters (20 ft) shorter than the basic Tu-204, resulting in MTOGW of 107.5 tonnes and 9,300 kilometres (5,000 nmi) range with 166 pax. Converted from the 1st prototype Tu-204-100, never flew as such and cancelled October 2003.
Proposed short range model, featuring smaller wings and an increased cruising speed (to Mach 0.84). Aimed as competitor to the 737NG. ETOPS rated, and fitted with a Honeywell APU. Not offered for sale (yet).
Medium-range model, with a seating capacity of 210 passengers (174 in a two-class layout) and 4,000 km range (fully loaded). Cyrillic designation Tu-204CM. The plane targets the low-cost carrier market and, on the international market place, has to compete with the 737-900ER and A321-200, which offer significantly better range and fuel efficiency. This plane has been upgraded to meet relevant, and future Russian/International safety requirements, including new ICAO and Eurocontrol standards which includes all environmental parameters, noise, and emission levels and two men flight crew. First flown December 29, 2010.
Planned company demonstrator powered by LNG.
Airframes produced by Kazan are designated Tu-214. The main difference is a full-size main door at the left side of the fuselage just before the wing. The Tu-204 has two main doors and 2 emergency doors; the Tu-214 has 3 doors and one emergency door.
The Tu-204ON is developed by Tupolev under the Open Skies program (the contract made between Tupolev and Vega - head developer of Open-Skies airborne surveillance system) and is manufactured by the Kazan. The aircraft is designed to perform observation flights according to Open Skies international Treaty signed by 34 countries. To monitor arms control agreements the aircraft is equipped with special purpose airborne surveillance system. State Parties to the Open Skies Treaty established the special purpose airborne and air surveillance equipment specification. It includes aerial photo cameras, TV and IR cameras, and synthetic aperture side-looking radar. Under the Open Skies Treaty, the air surveillance equipment is to have the following resolution limitation: 30 cm for the aerial photo and TV camera, 3 m for the side-looking radar, 50 cm for the IR camera. The Tu-204ON Open Skies aircraft was demonstrated publicly for the first time at MAKS-2011 International Air Show. Once TU-204ON Open Skies is certified, it will be operated by the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation.
'Air Force One', operated as Airborne Command Post version, fitted with VVIP interiors and auxiliary fuel tanks providing a 8,500 km range. Two operated for Russian Ministry of Defence.
Communications relay version. Fitted with auxiliary fuel tanks providing a 11,000 km range. Two ordered by the Russian government. First flown April 27, 2008.
Communications relay version for Russian Ministry of Defence. Operational difference between the SR and SUS versions is not clear.
Stand-off intelligence collection platform, developed under the codename ‘Project 141' under direction of the GRU. The aircraft are configured to carry the MRC-411 multi-intelligence payload, to include ELINT, sensors, SAR and other SIGINT and COMINT. First flown December 9, 2009.
VVIP model ordered by the Russian government. Single airframe under construction.
Under development for the FSB branch of the Russian government.
Company designation for the Tu-204-300.
- Palestinian Authority
Air International August 2012