Boeing T-45 Goshawk
From Scramble - The Aviation Magazine
|Boeing (McDonnell Douglas) T-45C Goshawk|
|Crew||2 in Martin Baker Mk.14 NACES ejection seats|
|First Flight||April 1995|
|Entered Service||April 16, 1988|
|Number built||209 delivered (as of April 2008)|
|Design||McDonnell Douglas, British Aerospace|
|Length||11.99 m||39 ft 4 inch|
|Wingspan||9.39 m||30 ft 10 inch|
|Height||4,08 m||13 ft 5 inch|
|Wing area||17.7 m²||190.1 ft²|
|Empty||4,460 kg||10,403 lb|
|Maximum takeoff weight||6,387 kg||14,081 lb|
|Engines||one Rolls-Royce F405-RR-401 Adour|
|Thrust||26 kN||5,527 lb|
|Maximum speed||1,038 km/h||645 mph|
|Operational range||1,288 km||700 nm|
|Service ceiling||12,954 m||42,500 ft|
|Armament||Single store station|
The T-45 Goshawk version of the BAE Hawk Mk.60 developed for the United States Navy to replace its North American T-2 Buckeye and TA-4 training aircraft. The United States Navy released VTXTS advanced trainer program in 1978 and in 1981 British Aerospace and McDonnell Douglas were selected with the T-45 Goshawk. The T-45 is used to train US Navy and Marine Corps pilots for conversion into the F/A-18A-D Hornet, F/A-18E/F Super Hornet, EA-18G Growler, EA-6B Prowler, and AV-8B Harrier II Plus.
As the Hawk was never designed for carrier operations, numerous modifications were required. These included improvements to low-speed handling characteristics and a reduction in the approach speed. Other changes were strengthened airframe, more robust and wider landing gear with catapult attachment and an arresting hook. It features a two-wheel nose landing gear.
Initial model, which became operational in 1991.
Proposed non-carrier capable version. Basically a conventional Hawk with a USN cockpit. Cancelled.
Improved model with so-called Cockpit 21 glass cockpit, to represent advanced fighter cockpit layout such as the F/A-18 Hornet. The cockpits are equipped with two monochrome 5" multifunction displays supplied by Elbit, which provide navigation, weapon delivery, aircraft performance and communications data. The first T-45C (BuAerNo 165080) was delivered October 31, 1997. In November 2007, Boeing was awarded a contract to fit 19 T-45C trainers with a Virtual Mission Training System (VMTS) which will provide a synthetic radar training facility to emulate an existing F/A-18 radar system and include capabilities such as a radar warning receiver, air-to-air weapons simulation, and fleet representative radar controls. The VMTS is planned to be operational by 2010.
Boeing proposed updated model. No details available, not ordered.