Beechcraft T-6 Texan II

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Beechcraft T-6A Texan II
T6 Texan2.jpg
First Flight1992
Entered ServiceMay 2000
Number built782 planned
Pilatus PC-9 Mk.II
Lengthmft in
Wingspan10.19 m33.5 ft in
Height3.23 m10.7 ft in
Wing areaft²
Empty2,955 kg6,500 lb
Maximum takeoff weightkglb
Capacity2 crew in Martin-Baker US Mk16LA zero/zero ejection seats
Enginesone Pratt & Whitney PT6A-68
Power820 kW (each)1,120 hp (each)
Maximum speed585 km/h316 kts
Operational range1,575 km850 nm
Service ceiling9,450 m31,000 ft
Rate of climb944 m/min3,100 ft/min
AvionicsNo radar
ArmamentOptional in selected models



The T-6A Texan II is a single-engine, two-seat primary trainer designed to train Joint Primary Pilot Training, or JPPT, students in basic flying skills common to US Air Force and US Navy pilots. The Texan will replace the US Navy’s T-34C Turbo Mentors and the US Air Force T-37B Tweety Bird as the primary pilot training aircraft. Only one model of aircraft will be used for training US Air Force and US Navy pilots, as part of the Department of Defense’s effort to streamline military training operations and reduce costs while increasing efficiency. Produced by Raytheon Aircraft, the T-6A Texan II is a military trainer version of PC-9 Mk II. The first operational T-6A arrived at Randolph Air Force Base, Texas, in May 2000. The full rate production contract awarded in December 2001.


In the US military, the T-6A will be used to train JPPT students, providing the basic skills necessary to progress to one of four training tracks: the US Air Force bomber-fighter or the Navy strike track, the US Air Force airlift-tanker or Navy maritime track, the US Air Force or US Navy turboprop track and the US Air Force/US Navy helicopter track. Instructor pilot training in the T-6A began at Randolph in 2000. JPPT began in October 2001 at Moody Air Force Base, Ga.

Design features

Baseline for the T-6 Texan II was the Pilatus PC-9 Mk.II. Raytheon made many important changes to this design, in order to comply with JPATS requirements. Most importan changes are

  • Onboard oxygen-generating system to improve aircraft availability
  • Maintenance-free hydraulic accumulator
  • New hydraulics system, wheel and brakes to reduce maintenance man-hours
  • Advanced surface sealing for optimal corrosion protection
  • 18,720-hour fatigue life design – highest in its class
  • Landing gear designed to withstand a 13-feet-per-second sink rate
  • Removable vertical stabilizer to reduce maintenance workload
  • On-condition engine hot-section inspections
  • 4,500-hour time between engine overhaul – highest in its category
  • Wing enhancements, such as +7 to -3.5 g capability and provisions for future external stores



Initial training model.


Improved model, introduced by Raytheon in 2005. Features open architecture advanced avionics suite that includes a HUD, UFCP, six MFD, HOTAS mirroring the systems and capabilities of today’s front-line aircraft.


Designation of the T-6B version being offered to international customers. Launch customer is the Royal Moroccan Air Force, which ordered 24. Op top of the T-6B avionics suite, an IRU, DVR and RADALT is integrated. Under wing hard-points allow for external fuel tanks. The T-6C+ derivative with wing hard-points can carry external stores and deliver practice weapons for training purposes. Probably, it can also be used in the COIN and light-attack role.

Export versions


Beach proposed designation for a proposed trainer/light strike/COIN aircraft. Features six underwing hardpoints. Not ordered yet.

CT-156 Harvard II

Ordered by Canada for the NFTC (NATO Flying Training in Canada) located at 15 Wing, Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan. They are leased to the Canadian Forces Air Command by the program's administrator, Bombardier. Cockpit layout, ejection protocols, and performance mimic the CT-155 Hawk jet trainer also used by the NTFC.



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